Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common problem and is often self-diagnosed by patients. It is also a common topic seen on the boards. The official definition of IBS was made by the Rome Foundation as the Rome III Diagnostic Criterion. A patient has to fit this definition for at least the last 3 …
Category Archive: Medicine
May 26 2014
Mar 08 2014
There are only a few high yield ophthalmology topics on the boards, and distinguishing pupil size is one of them. Keeping the medical terms straight for constriction and dilation of the pupil can be difficult.
Here is a mnemonic to help:
MIosis is pInpoint pupils
MyDriasis is Dilated pupils
References: “Miosis.” Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. …
Mar 01 2014
Electrolyte replacement is one of the first things new interns learn when they start on their inpatient rotations. It is very easy to just order the electrolyte replacement protocol and forget about replacing the electrolyte abnormalities. However, it is important to know what you are ordering and understand how to replace these electrolytes on your …
Feb 16 2014
Online medical resources such as UpToDate and Medscape are being used more and more by physicians, residents, and med students. These databases allow clinical information to be looked up at a glance and are very convenient to use. However, in-print resources are still a very important part of medical training and will never be obsolete. …
Feb 14 2014
Okra has recently been gaining popularity as a possible cure for diabetes. A quick web search will show that many sources believe this to be true, and tout the positive health effects of okra. This appealed to me as okra is one of my favorite vegetables.
I decided to perform a literature search to see …
Jan 12 2013
Methemoglobinemia is an important Emergency Medicine topic to know for the boards. You may see the clues of recent anesthetic or nitrate use and chocolate colored blood.
This mnemonic is very simple and will help you remember the treatment.
Treat METHemoglobinemia with METHylene blue!
Fischer, Conrad, and Sonia Reichert. “Emergency Medicine/Toxicology.” USMLE Step 3: …
Sep 16 2012
Heberden’s and Bouchard’s nodes both refer to bony prominences located in the finger joints. However, they are both in different locations and are both tested differently on the boards.
Heberden’s nodes are present in the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, while Bouchard’s nodes are present in the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints.
Both Heberden’s and Bouchard’s nodes …
Aug 11 2012
The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Score is used to estimate the risk of death, risk of MI, or need for urgent cardiac catheterization in patients with Unstable Angina (UA) or Non-ST segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI). Each risk factor is worth one point, for a max score of 7. The higher the score, the …
Jul 22 2012
The components of Charcot’s triad are very high yield on the boards and are important to know on hospital rotations as well. In order to remember what the three signs/symptoms are and what they help to diagnose, all you need to look at are the first three letters!
ChArcot’s Triad is for Ascending Cholangitis. CHArcot’s …
Jul 15 2012
A SOAP Note, aka Progress Note is the daily record of a patient’s time in the hospital. SOAP is a mnemonic to remember the different components of this note. It stands for Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan.
The Subjective section is for everything the patient tells you, the Objective section is for documenting your findings …