Category: Mnemonic

May 26 2014

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Mnemonic

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common problem and is often self-diagnosed by patients. It is also a common topic seen on the boards. The official definition of IBS was made by the Rome Foundation as the Rome III Diagnostic Criterion. A patient has to fit this definition for at least the last 3 …

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Mar 08 2014

Miosis and Mydriasis Mnemonic

There are only a few high yield ophthalmology topics on the boards, and distinguishing pupil size is one of them. Keeping the medical terms straight for constriction and dilation of the pupil can be difficult. Here is a mnemonic to help: MIosis is pInpoint pupils MyDriasis is Dilated pupils References: “Miosis.” Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. …

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Jan 12 2013

Methemoglobinemia Treatment Mnemonic

Methemoglobinemia is an important Emergency Medicine topic to know for the boards. You may see the clues of recent anesthetic or nitrate use and chocolate colored blood. This mnemonic is very simple and will help you remember the treatment. Treat METHemoglobinemia with METHylene blue! Reference: Fischer, Conrad, and Sonia Reichert. “Emergency Medicine/Toxicology.” USMLE Step 3: …

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Sep 16 2012

Heberden’s and Bouchard’s Nodes Mnemonic

Heberden’s and Bouchard’s nodes both refer to bony prominences located in the finger joints. However, they are both in different locations and are both tested differently on the boards. Heberden’s nodes are present in the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, while Bouchard’s nodes are present in the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. Both Heberden’s and Bouchard’s nodes …

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Aug 11 2012

TIMI Risk Score for UA/NSTEMI Mnemonic

The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Score is used to estimate the risk of death, risk of MI, or need for urgent cardiac catheterization in patients with Unstable Angina (UA) or Non-ST segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI). Each risk factor is worth one point, for a max score of 7. The higher the score, the …

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Jul 22 2012

Charcot’s Triad Mnemonic

The components of Charcot’s triad are very high yield on the boards and are important to know on hospital rotations as well. In order to remember what the three signs/symptoms are and what they help to diagnose, all you need to look at are the first three letters! ChArcot’s Triad is for Ascending Cholangitis. CHArcot’s …

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Jul 15 2012

How to Write a SOAP Note or Progress Note

Sample SOAP Progress Note Template

A SOAP Note, aka Progress Note is the daily record of a patient’s time in the hospital. SOAP is a mnemonic to remember the different components of this note. It stands for Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan. The Subjective section is for everything the patient tells you, the Objective section is for documenting your findings …

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Feb 04 2012

Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid CSF

The flow of CSF through the Central Nervous System is important to understand for the many conditions that can affect it including hydrocephalus, infections, masses, or bleeds. I have created a flow chart to show the anatomy of the circulation of CSF. It is important to remember that the lateral structures are arranged in pairs, …

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Feb 02 2012

Epidural and Subdural Hematomas, and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Mnemonic

These three types of brain bleeds are the highest yield to be able to recognize on board exams. Additionally, you definitely do not want to miss these on any patient. In my studies, I always seemed to have trouble keeping the first two straight (epidural and subdural). I came up with this mnemonic to help …

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Jan 29 2012

Grey-Turner’s Sign and Cullen’s Sign Mnemonic

Grey-Turner’s sign and Cullen’s sign can be easily confused with one another, because they are both characterized by the same physical findings in different locations. Grey-Turner’s sign is located on the flanks, whereas Cullen’s sign is located around the umbilicus (periumbilical). These signs can be seen when bleeding occurs inside the abdomen or in the …

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